Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle

Anatomy of the Foot & Ankle
The foot and ankle are complex structures made up of various tendons, ligaments, muscles, bones and more. These structures are what help make movements such as walking, running and jumping possible. An injury to one tendon, ligament, muscle or bone can cause the function of the entire structure to be compromised. Main Tendons Tendons are ...

Sesamoiditis

Sesamoiditis
What is Sesamoiditis? Sesamoiditis occurs when the tendons that surround the sesamoid bones in your big toe become irritated and inflamed. The sesamoid bones within the big toe can also be fractured, but this will present with immediate pain, whereas pain caused by Sesamoiditis begins gradually and increases with continued activity. Sesamoiditis is considered a form of ...

Talar Dome Lesion

Talar Dome Lesion
What is a Talar Dome Lesion? A Talar Dome Lesion occurs when the ankle bone and cartilage covering it fail to heal properly following injury. This is also known as an Osteochondral Lesion. Depending on the severity of your Talar Dome Lesion, your cartilage and bone may begin to soften and break off inside your ankle, but signs ...

Charcot Foot

Charcot Foot
What Is Charcot Foot? Charcot Foot is a very serious condition that occurs when the bones in your foot weaken due to neuropathy (nerve damage). This weakening of the bone causes bone fractures, which can lead to foot deformity and disability if left untreated.   Causes Charcot Foot and neuropathy are both associated with diabetes. Having diabetes ...

Cuboid Syndrome

Cuboid Syndrome
What is Cuboid Syndrome? Cuboid Syndrome (also called cuboid subluxation) occurs when there is a partial dislocation of the cuboid bone, usually caused by an ankle injury. The cuboid is a small bone located on the outer side of the foot and is part of the calcaneocuboid joint. Causes Common causes of Cuboid Syndrome include ankle ...

Total Ankle Replacement

Total Ankle Replacement
What is a Total Ankle Replacement? Also known as a Total Ankle Arthroplasty (TAA), a Total Ankle Replacement is usually performed in cases of ankle arthritis where there has been significant damage to the ankle bone and cartilage. During the procedure, the damaged ankle bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with artificial components. The purpose ...

Sinus Tarsi Syndrome

Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
What is Sinus Tarsi Syndrome? Sinus Tarsi Syndrome occurs when the soft tissue in the sinus tarsi area of your ankle becomes inflamed. The sinus tarsi is a bony space on the outside part of the ankle, located between the ankle bone and the heel bone. This area is also known as the subtalar joint. If ...

Lisfranc Injuries

Lisfranc Injuries
What is a Lisfranc Injury? Lisfranc injuries affect the midfoot region and can range from a sprain, to a fracture, to a dislocation. Some Lisfranc injuries will result in broken bones, while others may only affect the joints and ligaments. Lisfranc injuries were originally discovered when soldiers fell from their horses with their foot caught in ...

Osteoporosis of the Foot

Osteoporosis of the Foot
What is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis occurs when the bones become weak and brittle due to aging and an insufficient calcium intake. This often results in bone fractures. These fractures can occur from even the smallest of hits to the outside of the foot. For example, stubbing your toe on a piece of furniture could result in a ...

Os Trigonum Syndrome

Os Trigonum Syndrome
What is Os Trigonum Syndrome? The Os Trigonum is an extra bone at the back of the ankle that is present at birth, which only a small number of people have. Many people with this extra bone will never know they have it, since they will not experience any issues related to it. People with ...